Chinese dragons are virtual creatures, a root of Chinese people who considered themselves as the descendents of dragon. Since their creation, Chinese dragons have won the deep love from Chinese people whether in ancient times or in modern times, because their strong power and symbolic meanings. They play an important role in the history of Chinese nation, politics, religion, culture and Chinese language, blend into people’s beliefs and lives and become a symbol of China and Chinese people. Dragons are everywhere in China — in legends, festivals, astrology, art, names, and idioms.
Dragon is a totem of Chinese nation, a symbol of China, and a golden Chinese element; when a person hear the name of dragon, China will come to his or her mind. Dragon is a benevolent sign, which shows everything good. As the strongest animal selected by Chinese people, dragon has the strongest power which helps it go to the Heaven and the Hell, and make cloud and rains; since it has been bestowed with great powers, dragon is deified by and sacred to Chinese people who create lots of legendary myths about the mighty dragons. The importance of dragon to Chinese people is like water to creatures, and it is much reflected in people’s spirit, beliefs, and ideology; in ancient times, as a belief, it give strong supports to the ruling of a big nation, and to people’s fragile spirits and miserable life because people suffer extreme natural disasters and lack of the supports from science.
Chinese dragon, also known as East Asian dragon or Long or Lung have many animal-like forms such as turtles and fish, but are most commonly depicted as snake-like with four legs. They traditionally symbolize potent and auspicious powers, particularly control over water, rainfall, typhoons, and floods. The dragon is also a symbol of power, strength, and good luck for people who are worthy of it in East Asian culture - quite different to the evil, dangerous, fire-breathing dragons of most Western stories. During the days of Imperial China, the Emperor of China usually used the dragon as a symbol of his imperial strength and power.
The presence of dragons within Chinese culture dates back several thousands of years with the discovery of a dragon statue dating back to the fifth millennium BC from the Yangshao culture in Henan. Ancient Chinese referred to unearthed dinosaur bones as dragon bones and documented them as such. For example, Chang Qu in 300 BC documents the discovery of "dragon bones" in Sichuan.
Chinese dragon is listed in the Four Symbols which are loved and respected by Chinese people: azure dragon, vermilion bird, white tiger, and black turtle. The four mythological, divine creatures represent four directions and four seasons.
Chinese dragon is among the ten mythical creatures, which are created in ancient myths and legends: Zhuzhao, Youying, Yinglong, Huanglong, Qinglong, Baihu, Zhuque, Xuanwu, Tengshe, and Gouchen.
Dragon is one member of the 12 Chinese zodiac animals, which are rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, rooster, dog and pig.
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